Trump administration terminates 1955 treaty with Iran after United Nations court ruling

04 October, 2018, 20:38 | Author: Trevor Moore
  • Judges enter the International Court of Justice or World Court in the Hague Netherlands where they ruled on an Iranian request to order Washington to suspend U.S. sanctions against Tehran Oct. 3 2018

Iran filed the case in July, after President Trump withdrew the USA from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action - the Iran nuclear deal that was reached in 2015 along with members of the U.N. Security Council, Germany and the European Union.

The court action brought by Iran was part of a drive on several fronts to isolate Washington, following the United States withdrawal from the 2015 accord which lifted sanctions in return for constraints on Iran's nuclear programme.

The ruling, classified as a "provisional measure" before a final verdict that could take years to be issued, was given unanimously. Palestinians also brought a complaint against the United States to the ICJ in September, challenging the Trump administration's decision to move the U.S. embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

The secretary of state said that Iran's claims under the treaty were "absurd", citing Iran's "history of terrorism, ballistic-missile activity, and other malign behaviors", and accused Tehran of "abusing the ICJ for political and propaganda purposes".

The treaty established economic relations and consular rights and was signed during the terms of former US President Dwight Eisenhower and former Iranian Prime Minister Hossein Ala.

Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif praised the court ruling on Twitter, calling it "another failure for sanctions-addicted" USA and a "victory for rule of law". The treaty contains rules providing for freedom of trade and commerce between the U.S. and Iran as well as payment and transfer of funds between them.

Pompeo said the United States should have pulled out of the treaty decades ago.

"Any dispute between the High Contracting Parties as to the interpretation or application of the present treaty, not satisfactorily adjusted by diplomacy shall be submitted to the International Court of Justice, unless the High Contracting Parties agree to settlement by some other pacific means".

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The foreign ministry said in a statement that the ruling was a "clear sign" that "Iran is in the right".

The reflexive decision to tear-up the Treaty of Amity, a 1955 pact that promotes ties between the US and Iran, was the latest in a series of White House moves to confront Tehran.

Mohammed Zahedin Labbaf, centre, representative from Iran, waits for judges to enter at the World Court in The Hague, Netherlands.

Decisions by the Hague-based ICJ, which rules on disputes between United Nations members, are binding but it has no mechanism through which it can enforce its decisions. Bolton told reporters at the White House that the provision violates US sovereignty.

Although he said he was "disappointed" that the ICJ did not recognize the court had no jurisdiction, he argued the court's ruling was actually a "defeat for Iran".

Last month, Bolton said that the 2,200 US troops inside Syria are "not going to leave as long as Iranian troops are outside Iranian borders, and that includes Iranian proxies and militias". But both nations have in the past ignored the court's rulings.

Trump has repeatedly voiced disdain for worldwide organisations that he sees as limiting USA sovereignty. Judges from the court ruled Wednesday on an Iranian request to order Washington to suspend sanctions against Tehran.

"Iran's case is baseless", he said.

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